What are tonsils and adenoids

The tonsils and adenoids are masses of tissue that are similar to the lymph nodes or glands in the neck, groin or armpit. Tonsils are the two masses on the back of the throat. The adenoids are located in the upper part of the throat behind the nose and roof of the mouth (soft palate) […]

Effects of Medications on Voice

Could Your Medication Be Affecting Your Voice? Some medications including prescription, over-the-counter, and herbal supplements can affect the function of your voice. If your doctor prescribes a medication that adversely affects your voice, make sure the benefit of taking the medicine outweighs the problems with your voice. Most medications affect the voice by drying out […]

Special Care for Voice Users

Who is an Occupational or Professional Voice User? An occupational or professional voice user is anyone whose voice is essential to their job. We are all accustomed to thinking of singers, actors, actresses, and broadcast personalities as professional voice users. Indeed, special or unique qualities of the voice are often the essential feature of their […]

Nodules, Polyps, and Cysts

The term vocal cord lesion (physicians call them vocal “fold” lesions) refers to a group of noncancerous (benign), abnormal growths (lesions) within or along the covering of the vocal cord. Vocal cord lesions are one of the most common causes of voice problems and are generally seen in three forms; nodules, polyps, and cysts. Vocal […]

Voice Disorders

Most changes in the voice result from a medical disorder. Failure to seek a physician’s care can lead to hoarseness and more serious problems. Laryngitis Laryngitis is a swelling of the vocal cords usually due to an infection. A viral infection (a “cold”) of the upper respiratory track is the most common cause for infection […]

LPR and Children

What is laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR)? Food or liquids that are swallowed travel through the esophagus and into the stomach where acids help digestion. Each end of the esophagus has a sphincter, a ring of muscle, that helps keep the acidic contents of the stomach in the stomach or out of the throat. When these rings […]

GERD

What is GERD? Gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, occurs when acid from the stomach backs up into the esophagus. Normally, food travels from the mouth, down through the esophagus and into the stomach. A ring of muscle at the bottom of the esophagus, the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), contracts to keep the acidic contents of […]

Mouth sores

Insight into causes, treatment, and prevention What are fever blisters and cold sores? What are canker sores? When should a physician be consulted? and more…   Oral lesions (mouth sores) make it painful to eat and talk. Two of the most common recurrent oral lesions are fever blisters (also known as cold sores) and canker […]

Tonsillitis

Tonsillitis refers to inflammation of the pharyngeal tonsils (glands at the back of the throat, visible through the mouth). The inflammation may involve other areas of the back of the throat, including the adenoids and the lingual tonsils (tonsil tissue at the back of the tongue). There are several variations of tonsillitis: acute, recurrent, and […]

Sore Throats

Insight into relief for a sore throat What causes a sore throat? What are my treatment options? How can I prevent a sore throat? and more… Infections from viruses or bacteria are the main cause of sore throats and can make it difficult to talk and breathe. Allergies and sinus infections can also contribute to […]