The tonsils and adenoids are masses of tissue that are similar to the lymph nodes or glands in the neck, groin or armpit. Tonsils are the two masses on the back of the throat. The adenoids are located in the upper part of the throat behind the nose and roof of the mouth (soft palate) and are not visible through the mouth without special instruments.
The tonsils and adenoids are near the entrance of the airway which can trap germs that cause infections. They “sample” bacteria and viruses and can become infected themselves. Scientists believe they work as part of the body’s immune system by filtering germs that attempt to invade the body and help to develop antibodies against germs.
This function is performed during the first years of life, becoming less important as the child grows. Children must have their tonsils and adenoids removed suffer no loss of immunity.
When should I see my doctor?
You. Should see your doctor when you. Or your child has the common symptoms of infected or enlarged tonsils or adenoids.
What affects tonsils and adenoids?
The most common problems affecting the tonsils and adenoids are repeated throat infections or ear and hypertrophy or obstruction that causes significant problems breathing or swallowing.
Also, it abscesses around the tonsils, chronic tonsillitis, and infections of the cavities within the tonsils that produce foul-smelling creamy matter may affect the tonsils and adenoids, leaving them sore and swollen. Although rare, there may be tumors in the tonsils.
What I Expect test?
Your doctor will ask about problems of the ear, nose and throat and examine the head and neck. For these areas, it will use a small mirror or a flexible lighted instrument.
To diagnose certain infections of the throat, crops or strep tests are important.
X-rays may be useful in determining the size and shape adenoids. Blood tests can identify problems such as mononucleosis.
The main methods to check tonsils and adenoids are
- La history
- El physical examination
- El bacteriological culture and strep test
- Las radiographs
- Blood Los
- How are they treated diseases of tonsils and adenoids?
First, tonsils infection, especially those caused by streptococcus, are treated with antibiotics. In some cases, removal of tonsils or adenoids is recommended. The two main reasons for the removal are (1) recurrent infection despite antibiotic therapy and (2) problems with breathing due to swollen tonsils or adenoids. Such obstruction to breathing causes snoring and disturbed sleep that leads to daytime sleepiness in adults and behavioral problems in children. Some orthodontists believe chronic mouth breathing from large tonsils and adenoids causes malformations of the face and improper alignment of the teeth.
Chronic infection can affect other areas such as the eustachian tube that connects the back of the nose to the inner ear, which leads to frequent ear infections and potential hearing loss.
Recent studies indicate that removal of the adenoids may be a beneficial treatment for some children with chronic earaches accompanied by fluid in the middle ear (otitis media with effusion).
In adults, the possibility of cancer or a tumor may be another reason for removing the tonsils and adenoids.
In some patients, especially those with infectious mononucleosis, marking the enlargement may obstruct the airway. For them, treatment with steroids such as cortisone can be helpful.
Tonsillitis and its symptoms
Tonsillitis is an infection of one or both tonsils. Other signs or symptoms are
- Amígdalas redder than normal
- White or yellow Capa in the tonsils
- Un voice change due to swelling
- Dolor throat
- Uncomfortable or painful Deglución
- Nudos swollen glands in the neck
- Hálito bad
Adenoids And Its Symptoms
If the adenoids are enlarged, breathing may be difficult. Other signals are enlarged
- Respiración through the mouth instead of the nose most of the time
- Nariz covered when the person speaks
- Respiración noisy during the day
- Repeated ear Infecciones
- Ronquidos night
- Paros breath for a few seconds at night during snoring or loud breathing (apnea)
- La Surgery
Your child: Talk to your child about their feelings and provide strong reassurance and support throughout the process. Promotes the idea that the way health benefit. Accompany your child as long as possible before and after surgery. Tell him it will hurt your throat after surgery. Assure that the operation does not remove any important part of the body or change the appearance. If your child has a friend who has had this surgery, talk to that friend can help your child.
Adults and children: At least two weeks before any surgery, the patient should stop taking aspirin or other medications containing aspirin. (WARNING: Never give aspirin to children because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome.)
If the patient or family has had any problems with anesthesia, the surgeon should be informed. You should also warn if the patient is taking other medications, anemia or bleeding, is pregnant, she has concerns about the transfusion of blood, or has used steroids in the past year.
You may require a blood test and possibly a urine before surgery.
Generally, before surgery and after midnight, should not eat anything, including chewing gum, mouthwashes, throat lozenges, toothpaste and water. When anesthesia Anything in the stomach may cause vomiting, and this is dangerous.
When the patient is internal, the anesthesiologist or nurse may meet with the patient and family to review the patient’s history. You are then taken to the operating room where you are given anesthesia. Intravenous fluids are given during and after surgery.
After surgery, the patient will go to the recovery room where staff observe him until discharge. The time required for patient recovery can vary from a few hours to a day. Some cases may require intensive care.
Your doctor will provide all the details of your treatment before and after surgery, and answer all your questions.
There are several symptoms that may arise after the operation, including trouble swallowing, vomiting, fever, sore throat and ear pain. In some cases, there may be bleeding after surgery. In this case, the surgeon should be notified immediately.
It should openly discuss any questions or concerns with the surgeon, who is here to help.